[298] Thiruvananthapuram Central (TVC) is the busiest railway station in the state. [478] Kerala natanam, Thirayattam,[479] Kaliyattam, Theyyam, Koothu and Padayani are other dance forms associated with the temple culture of the region. [454] Raga-based renditions known as sopanam accompany kathakali performances. [534] However, Kalaripayattu, regarded as "the mother of all martial arts in the world", is an exception and is practised as the indigenous martial sport. 2015. [358][359] In 2019, Kerala recorded the highest child sex abuse complaints in India. In the state, despite the social progress, gender still influences social mobility. For the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup in India, the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (Kochi), was chosen as one of the six venues where the game would be hosted in India. Backwaters are one of the prime attractions for tourists in the state. [397][398], Ancient Christian tradition says that Christianity reached the shores of Kerala in 52 CE with the arrival of Thomas the Apostle, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. [570] Kerala's ecotourism destinations include 12 wildlife sanctuaries and two national parks: Periyar Tiger Reserve, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary, Eravikulam National Park, and Silent Valley National Park are the most popular among them. During the summer, the state is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, cyclone-related torrential downpours, occasional droughts, and rises in sea level. 88. When the procession visits homes around the temple, people will usually present rice, coconuts, and other offerings to it. [277] This contributes to about 3% of the total economy of the state. [297] The railway network in the state is controlled by two out of six divisions of the Southern Railway; Thiruvananthapuram Railway division and Palakkad Railway Division. [322] Around 31.8 million Keralites are predominantly Malayali. [18][19] The state topped in the country to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals according to the annual report of NITI Aayog published in 2019. Periyar is the longest river in Kerala. Kerala is renowned for its spices and is called the Spice Coast of India. [28] The Skanda Purana mentions the ecclesiastical office of the Thachudaya Kaimal who is referred to as Manikkam Keralar, synonymous with the deity of the Koodalmanikyam temple. They united to form the state of Thiru-Kochi in 1949. 95. [384] Hindus represent the biggest religious group in all districts except Malappuram, where they are outnumbered by Muslims. [282] Most of Kerala's west coast is accessible through the NH 66 (previously NH 17 and 47); and the eastern side is accessible through state highways. 99. Its origins can be traced back to Travancore State Road Transport Department, when the Travancore government headed by Sri. This creates an upward spiral for both the women and children of the community that is passed on to future generations. The Puranas. Along with Pondicherry, Kerala is the only other state in India to have sex ratio higher than 0.99. When Francisco de Almeida was appointed as Viceroy of Portuguese India in 1505, his headquarters was established at Fort Kochi (Fort Emmanuel) rather than in Kozhikode. 55. [282] Roads in Kerala include 1,812 kilometres (1,126 mi) of national highway; 1.6% of the nation's total, 4,342 kilometres (2,698 mi) of state highway; 2.5% of the nation's total, 27,470 kilometres (17,070 mi) of district roads; 4.7% of the nation's total, 33,201 kilometres (20,630 mi) of urban (municipal) roads; 6.3% of the nation's total, and 158,775 kilometres (98,658 mi) of rural roads; 3.8% of the nation's total. Moolamattom Power Station, located in Idukki district of Kerala, is the biggest underground hydro-electric project in India. We welcome you with a cup of tea, Our questions start with, "Did you have a cup of tea?" [484] Carnatic music dominates Keralite traditional music. As of 2014[update], Infopark generates one-third of total IT Revenues of the state[238][239] with key offices of IT majors like Tata Consultancy Services, Cognizant, Wipro, UST Global, IBS Software Services etc. National Family Health Survey says that in Kerala, almost all of the infants are born in medical institutions and hospitals. 47. [342], According to the 2011 census, Kerala has the highest literacy rate (94%) among Indian states. [325], Kerala's sex ratio of 1.084 (females to males) is higher than that of the rest of India and is the only state where women outnumber men. [136] Geographically, Kerala can be divided into three climatically distinct regions: the eastern highlands; rugged and cool mountainous terrain, the central mid-lands; rolling hills, and the western lowlands; coastal plains. Newspapers in Kerala are available in 9 different languages. [54], Kerala has been a major spice exporter since 3000 BCE, according to Sumerian records and it is still referred to as the "Garden of Spices" or as the "Spice Garden of India". [549] Greenfield International Stadium at located at Kariavattom in Thiruvananthapuram city, is India's first DBOT (design, build, operate and transfer) model outdoor stadium and it has hosted international cricket matches and international football matches including 2015 SAFF Championship. In comparison with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism. Some of the popular Malayalam television channels are Media One TV, Asianet, Asianet News, Asianet Plus, Asianet Movies, Surya TV, Kiran TV, Mazhavil Manorama, Manorama News, Kairali TV, Kairali WE, Kairali People, Flowers, Kappa TV, Amrita TV, Reporter TV, Jaihind, Jeevan TV, Mathrubhumi News, Kaumudy TV, Shalom TV, and Janam TV. 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